Rights and citizenship

por Portal Planalto publicado: 21/12/2012 10h42 última modificação: 25/02/2013 15h51

Consolidating and expanding rights

Quotas in public education and greater social protection for women

Since October, as a result of the regulation of the Quota Law, federal public institutions of secondary technical education and higher education began to prepare for the implementation of the new rules. The law will be gradually enforced each year up to 2016, when at least 50% of places will be set aside for students who have completed the full primary or secondary education in public schools, as appropriate. The income criterion as well race/color proportionality (IBGE) should also be applied to these criteria. Already in the next selection process for students entering the system in 2013, at least 12.5% of the places available should be set aside for quota students. This affirmative policy will be in force initially for 10 years, after which the results achieved to will be assessed for the purpose of defining the subsequent actions.


Since August, when the Law celebrated its 6th anniversary, the National Institute of Social Security (Instituto Nacional de Seguridade Social - INSS) has been going to court to demand that perpetrators reimburse the INSS for benefits paid to the victims of violence. Cases include sick leave, retirement for disability and pensions paid to the children of murdered women. The goal is to hold the offenders liable for the financial costs of violence against women. To find out more, visit

The primer entitled Quanto custa o machismo? (What is the cost of machismo?) is available at INSS agencies and at

The campaign Commitment and Attitude for Maria da Penha Law – the Law is Stronger was also launched in September, with the aim to speed the trial of cases of violence against women. Learn more at


During the National Traffic Week held between 18 and 23 September, the government launched the new campaign National Pact to Reduce Accidents (Pacto Nacional pela Redução de Acidentes – Parada), in partnership with the International Automobile Federation (Federação Internacional de Automobilismo - FIA) and the participation of Brazilian personalities.

The Pact promotes the mobilization of society through awareness actions and educational campaigns on traffic safety. Enforcement actions are also being enhanced in partnership with states and municipalities, with the distribution of one million breathalyzers until the end of 2012 and the duplication and upgrading of 7,500 km of highways. The goal is to achieve a 50% accident reduction by 2020.


• 2% reduction in total deaths on federal highways.

• Reduction of deaths in specific holiday operations:

- Christmas 2011: 20% less compared to 2010.

- New Year’s 2011: 44% less compared to 2010.

- Carnival 2012: 18% less compared to 2011.

- Holy Week 2012: 25% less compared to 2011.


The actions implemented under the National Plan for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities - Living without Limit - show the following results:

Access to Education

Continuous Cash Benefit (Benefício de Prestação Continuada - BPC) in School: 2023 municipalities have formally joined the program, so as to ensure the inclusion of children and adolescents beneficiaries of BPC in the regular school system.

Accessible School - Money Directly in the School Program (Programa Dinheiro Direto na Escola - PDDE): 20,000 schools provided with resources to implement architectural accessibility adaptations.


My House, My Life (Minha Casa, Minha Vida – MCMV): 170,100 adaptable dwellings commissioned.

Microcredit: R$ 9.4 million committed in 2,100 operations for the acquisition of wheelchairs, Braille printers, adaptations to vehicles, walkers and accessible furniture.

The National Center for Innovation in Assistive Technology was officially opened in July in the city of Campinas / SP, for the development of technologies with a focus on prevention, rehabilitation and accessibility. By September, eight regional centers had been established.

Health Care

Dental Specialties Center (Centro de Especialidades Odontológicas - CEO): 106 centers - which receive 20% more of the monthly funding - are currently eligible to cater to people with disabilities.

Neonatal hearing screening: 64 maternity hospitals had their proposals approved for qualifying neonatal screening services aimed at the early detection and treatment of disease.

Rehabilitation Reference Center (Centro de Referência em Reabilitação - CER): 33 proposals approved for expanding care in intellectual, physical, visual and aural rehabilitation, covering approximately 17,000 people:

  • qualification of 13 existing services, which are now receiving monthly funding.
  • construction of 20 new centers.

Orthopedic Workshops: three proposals for permanent workshops in the cities of Aracaju (SE), João Pessoa (PB) and Juazeiro (EC) were approved by September.

Increased Supply of Prosthetics and Orthotics: R$ 24.6 million was transferred to states and municipalities for maintenance and adaptations of orthopedic, aural and optical orthotics and prosthetics.

Social inclusion

BPC Work: 2,300 beneficiaries were visited and 83 referred to vocational training courses.

Reference Day Centers: R$ 960,000 was transferred to the municipalities of Curitiba / PR, Campo Grande / MS, Belo Horizonte / MG and João Pessoa / PB for assistance to people under 18 years and elderly persons  with a high level of dependence.

Inclusive Residences: R$ 540,000 was transferred to nine residences assisting youth and adults with disabilities in six municipalities: Cascavel (2), Ponta Grossa (1), São José (2), João Pessoa (1), Campo Grande (1 ) and Bauru (2).


More construction projects under the Commitment

Six months into its establishment, 21 companies with 11 construction projects have joined the National Commitment to Improve Working Conditions in the Construction Industry, launched in March 2012.

There are currently 21 projects distributed in eight states (CE, MG, MT, RJ, RN, RO, SP and PA) and the Federal District.

Five of these projects have received technical visits of members of the National Standing Committee: Belo Monte Hydroelectric Plant (PA), Teles Pires Hydroelectric Plant (MT / PA), Arena das Dunas Natal (RN), Jirau Hydroelectric Plant (RO) and Santo Antônio Hydroelectric Plant (RO). Agreements for implementation of the Commitment were signed by the companies responsible on the occasion of the visits.

The Committee has also approved the Statute of Union Representation at the Workplace, which establishes the basic rules for the actions of workers’ representatives in projects of the construction industry.


The Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (Cadastro de Pessoa Física – CPF) can now be issued free of charge on the internet by people aged up to 25 who are registered voters. All one needs to do is access the IRS website and provide the personal data requested. After validating the data, the system will automatically create the registration number, which can be written down or printed as many times as necessary at no cost. For more information, visit


Brazil undertook before the UN Human Rights Council to put into practice recommendations on matters of human rights under the Universal Periodic Review mechanism, voluntarily accepted by the country as a result of the assessment in which it participated for the second time. A total of 170 recommendations in different areas were received, all of which were accepted safe for one, which is in conflict with the Brazilian Constitution.


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Assunto(s): Governo federal