Eradication of extreme poverty
Brazil without Extreme Poverty
Nine years into Bolsa Família coupled with the sanctioning of Provisional Presidential Decree on Caring Brazil strengthen actions to eradicate extreme poverty in Brazil
In October the program reached the mark of 13.7 million beneficiary families nationwide. In 2012 alone, R$ 17.3 billion were transferred to Bolsa Família beneficiaries. Most of the payments were made in the Northeast, which concentrates 51% of beneficiary families (7 million).
Active search: By August, 781,900 extremely poor families had been included in the Unified Registry and are now receiving the Bolsa Família benefit.
Low-income pregnant and lactating women: In October, additional benefits were paid to 195,600 pregnant women, who agreed to attend prenatal care services appropriately, and to 216,100 lactating women, thus ensuring mother and child better health and nutrition conditions.
96.7% of the 15.1 million children and youth participating in Bolsa Família, whose school attendance was monitored, exceeded the minimum school attendance required by the program in August and September.
On October 20, the Bolsa Família Program celebrated its ninth anniversary, having already benefited over 50 million people at a cost of 0.46% of GDP. The importance of the benefit can be seen in its multiplier effect on local economies, in the school achievement and attendance of children and adolescents, in prenatal care and in breastfeeding. During this period, Bolsa Família has become a model cash transfer program in the world and one the most recommended initiatives by the UN.
In October, R$ 186,3 million were transferred to 2.16 million families, benefiting about 7 million people, of whom 2.8 million are children in age group 0-6 years. Most of these children (57.6%) live in the Northeast.
Iron Supplement: since May 2012, 2.2 million doses of ferrous sulfate have been distributed to 735,000 children under 5 years and 57 million tablets have been handed out to pregnant women.
Vitamin A supplementation: the number of children being treated with megadoses of vitamin A has increased 50% since the launch of the program, having reached the mark of 2.9 million children, 573,000 of them during the August vaccination campaign.
Additional resources for day care centers catering to children from Bolsa Família beneficiary families:
2,673 municipalities reported 368,300 Bolsa Família children enrolled in 21,900 daycare centers, with transfers worth R$ 205 million in 2012.
School feeding: the amounts transferred for the purchase of school meals increased 66.7%, benefiting 5.5 million children in day care centers and preschool.
URBAN PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION
National Program for Access to Technical Education and Employment (Programa Nacional de Acesso ao Ensino Técnico e Emprego - Pronatec) - BSM: until October, 512,700 places had been offered to low-income people, with 233,700 students enrolled. Of these, 66% were women and 44.8% young people between 18 and 28 years of age. The states with the highest number of enrollments are Rio Grande do Sul (38,000), São Paulo (18,900), Pernambuco (18,400), Minas Gerais (17,800) and Bahia (17,400). The places offered include over 400 technical and vocational courses.
National Microcredit Program - Crescer: from the program's inception in September 2011 to October 2012, 2.87 million transactions had been processed, totaling R$ 3.61 billion. In 2012 alone, 2.26 million transactions were processed.
RURAL PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION
Incentive to rural productive activities
Technical Assistance and Rural Extension (Assistência Técnica e Extensão Rural - ATER): through October, 180,000 families of extremely poor farmers had received guaranteed assistance. Of these, 28,000 are already being monitored.
Incentive: 16,400 families had received incentives in the amount of R$ 1,000 through October. The other two payments of R$ 700 each will be made at six-month intervals. The funds are used to implement the productive structuring project prepared and monitored by ATER agents.
Light for All
Since January 2011, the Light for All Program has made 130,800 electric connections, benefiting extremely poor families enrolled in the Bolsa Família Program.
Water for All
Up to 164,200 cesspools have been delivered to families in the semi-arid region included in the Unified Registry. Since 2003, more than 489,000 cesspools have been built. The cesspools are reservoirs that enable families to save water for consumption and food preparation during the drought.
Green Grant (Bolsa Verde)
Through October, 30,600 families who live or work in national forests, federal extractive or sustainable development reserves and environmentally sustainable settlements were receiving the quarterly payment of R$ 300 for the conservation of environmental assets.