por Portal do Planalto publicado 21/12/2012 10h56, última modificação 25/02/2013 15h51

Increased access to vocational and higher education

Supply of scholarships and funding increase the number of young people and workers in technical, vocational and undergraduate programs


By November 20, 20,525 scholarships had been granted, with 15,031 for undergraduate and 5,494 for graduate programs in 40 countries. Of this total, 337 graduate scholarships were granted in Brazil, with 245 to Visiting Researchers and 92 to Young Talents. The goal is to grant 101,000 scholarships to students and researchers by 2014.

NATIONAL PROGRAM FOR ACCESS TO TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT (Programa Nacional de Acesso ao Ensino Técnico e Emprego - Pronatec)

In the first year of Pronatec, 2.25 million places were filled in technical and professional qualification programs in over 400 areas of knowledge. Of this total:

  • 736,000 were filled by young people attending secondary education and 1.5 million by young workers attending professional qualification programs;
  • System S units are responsible for 1.4 million enrollments in professional qualification programs and 162,000 enrollments in technical courses. The remaining places are offered by schools in the federal professional and technological education network and technical schools in the state networks of Acre, Amapá, Bahia, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Pará and Piauí. Since 2011, R$ 6.5 billion have been invested. With these were aimed at:
  • Continuing the expansion of the federal professional education network. And in 2012, 78 new technical schools began to operate;
  • Supporting the construction, renovation or expansion of 900 state technical schools and equipping 2,600 laboratories.
  • R$ 1 billion has been provided through a special BNDES credit line for Senai to build 53 schools, upgrade or expand other 251, purchase 82 mobile units, which will operate as laboratories, and establish 85 innovation and technology services centers.

Brazil without Extreme Poverty Pronatec

230,000 people in families assisted by the Brazil without Extreme Poverty program in 630 municipalities are attending courses offered by Pronatec, in areas such as administrative assistant, computer operator, low-voltage building electric wiring specialist, receptionist and couturier. Of this total, 66% are women. The courses are free of charge and beneficiaries receive food, transportation and school supplies.

World Cup Pronatec

There are 50,000 students enrolled in 52 technical courses free of charge for workers in the area of tourism, as well as training in English and Spanish and sign (LIBRA) language. The minimum age is 18.

Places are available in the World Cup host cities and in municipalities around the main tourist destinations in Brazil.


ProUni has awarded 1,096,343 scholarships in 1,300 private institutions of higher education in 1,372 municipalities.

In October 2012, 502,205 students were enrolled in higher education with a scholarship from ProUni. 157,801 scholarships were awarded in 2012 alone.

The program caters to students with family income of up to three minimum wages per person, and who have attended secondary education at a public or private school as scholarship holders. Students are selected based on the grade obtained in Enem.


The number of students assisted in 2012 by the Student Financing Fund (Fundo de Financiamento Estudantil - FIES), which funds undergraduate higher education, has more than doubled. By October,  349,000 financing contracts had been signed, up 122% in relation to 2011.

Since 2011, those interested in having a course financed by Fies must take the Enem exam.

Fies finances up to 100% of monthly undergraduate tuition fees at an interest rate of 3.4% per annum. and payback period of up to three times the length of the course plus 12 months. Both traditional guarantee and solidarity guarantee are accepted as collateral for the loan.

Teachers working in public basic education and physicians working in teams of the Family Health program in regions with a shortage of professionals have their debt to Fies reduced.


Established in 2010 to assist students willing to finance their tuition through Fies, but who lack the collateral required to cover the loan, Fgeduc guarantees the loan to these students, who are not required to provide a guarantor.

Beneficiaries can be students with family income up to 1.5 minimum wage per person, partial holders of ProUni scholarships registered with Fies, and students enrolled in undergraduate programs. For the student to receive the benefit, the educational institution must be registered with Fies and Fgeduc.

  • 585 of the 1,536 private higher education institutions participating in Fies have already joined Fgeduc.
  • The number of beneficiaries increased from 49,245 students in 2011 to 186,734 in October 2012, reflecting an increase of 279%.


In September 2012, 32,000 primary schools in 3,382 municipalities across the country had joined the More Education (Mais Educação) program to provide students with after school educational activities. Of this total, 17,592 schools have 50% or more of students who are Bolsa Família beneficiaries, and 9,779 are rural schools. First to 9th grade students enrolled in the program stay in the school after the regular shift and participate in guided activities ranging from help with their homework to sports, arts and even computer classes.


In 2011, the targets set for the Basic Education Development Index (Índice de Desenvolvimento da Educação Básica – Ideb) were met in all stages of basic education.

In the initial grades (second to fifth), the national index achieved corresponded to 5, exceeding the target set for 2011, which was 4.6. Considering only the public system, the target was met by 77.7% of the 5,222 municipalities with a target set for 2011.

In the final grades (sixth to ninth) of primary education, the result (4.1) exceeded the 3.9 target set for 2011. In the public education system, the Ideb achieved (3.9) also exceeded the target (3.7).

Of the 5,352 municipalities with a target set for the final grades of primary school, 62.5% have met the targets set for Ideb, which were exceeded in all regions of the country.

National Pact for Literacy at the Right Age

  • Launched on November 8, 2012 between the federal, state and municipal governments, the Pact is committed to:

- Teaching basic English and Mathematics to all children up to the age of 8 years at the end of the 3rd grade of primary school.

- Conducting annual universal evaluations, applied by INEP, among students completing the 2nd and 3rd grades of primary education.

  • The Federal Government will invest R$ 2.7 billion by 2014.

Pact Actions

  • Continued education for 360,000 literacy teachers - courses and scholarships.
  • Distribution of materials - textbooks, literature books, complementary books  and games.
  • External universal and periodic evaluations at the end of the 2nd and 3rd grades, applied by INEP.
  • Management system and scholarships for local coordinators.
  • Awards and recognition for teachers, schools and education networks showing the best results in their literacy programs.
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Assunto(s): Governo federal