Rights and citizenship
Consolidating and expanding rights
Social dialogue and public policies to consolidate democracy
LIVING WITHOUT LIMIT (VIVER SEM LIMITE) PLAN
Actions being implemented across the country The Network of Health Care for Persons with Disabilities was established to extend assistance to persons with disabilities under the Unified Health System (SUS). State Leading Groups are being established in all Brazilian states to produce a diagnosis and assess the needs for expanding and adapting the network in the cities.
Financial incentives have been introduced for the construction, renovation or expansion and funding of Specialized Rehabilitation Centers (Centros Especializados em Reabilitação - CER), for the purchase of permanent equipment and supplies as well as for the services of an orthopedic workshop. A total of R$ 890 million will be invested in 2012.
MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THE NETWORK OF HEALTH CARE FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
• promote rehabilitation processes for aural, physical, intellectual, visual, ostomy and multiple disabilities;
• prevent and early identify disabilities in the prenatal, perinatal and postnatal phases as well as during childhood, adolescence and adulthood;
• increase the supply of orthosis, prosthesis and mobility aids (OPM);
• provide permanent training to health professionals;
• promote the reintegration of people with disabilities through access to work, revenue and supportive housing;
• produce information on people’s rights, prevention and care measures and services available in the Network.
Increased access to education for people with disabilities
Accessible transport: funds have already been committed for the purchase of 635 wheelchair-accessible school buses by 2012, surpassing the target set for this year (609 buses). A total of 2,609 wheelchair- -accessible school buses will be purchased by 2014;
Multifunctional Resource Rooms: 13,500 resource rooms and 1,500 upgrading kits were purchased in 2011 and are currently being delivered. Another 15,000 kits are in the bidding phase.
Accessible School: in 2012, 10,000 schools will be provided with physical accessibility resources.
The Federal Supreme Court dismissed the claim of breach of fundamental precept (Arguição de Descumprimento de Preceito Fundamental - ADPF) 186 relating to the quota system of the University of Brasilia (UnB), and Extraordinary Appeal No. 597285 relating to the quota system of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), sustaining the constitutionality of the quota policy adopted in these universities. The Supreme Court has therefore recognized as constitutional the use of quota policies as affirmative actions.
FIGHTING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
Reference Centers of Assistance to Women in Situation of Violence were established in Macapá, in June. A Bilateral Reference Center of Assistance to Women in Situation of Violence and Migrant Women was established in the state of Roraima, also in June, as part of a partnership between Brazil and Venezuela. There are currently 1,011 assistance services to women victims of violence in the country.
Dial 180 (Ligue 180), a free 24-hour service providing information and guidance to women on the various services offered by the network to fight violence against women, recorded 201,569 calls in the first quarter of 2012. This number corresponds to an average of 2,240 calls per day, of which about 58% refer to physical violence. Besides the importance of the assistance provided, the Dial 180 service is relevant for collecting information that provides inputs for developing the policy against violence and for monitoring services within the network across the country.
More investment in libraries
Actions to build and upgrade libraries are a priority under the National Book and Reading Program (Programa Nacional do Livro e da Leitura) for 2012. A total of R$ 254 million will be invested in the program as follows:
• establishment of libraries with telecentres in the Sports and Culture Squares and in libraries at the More Culture Space;
• construction and remodeling of garden-libraries and reference libraries;
• support for community libraries and reading rooms;
• establishment, revitalization and modernization of municipal libraries;
• expansion of book collections;
• training of librarians and staff of 2,700 municipal and community libraries in 1,500 municipalities in all Brazilian states.
SUGAR CANE COMMITMENT SEAL
The Committed Company seal of recognition has been established to identify and recognize companies that meet the guidelines of the National Commitment to Improve Working Conditions in the Sugar Cane Industry. Signed in June 2009 by the Federal Government and workers and entrepreneurs organizations in the sugar cane industry, the Commitment aims to improve working conditions in sugar cane plantations, and promote the occupational reintegration of workers who have lost their jobs due to the introduction of mechanized harvesting systems.
The main initiatives of the Commitment include the direct and formal hiring of workers without intermediaries (“gatos”); transparency in the assessment of production; guarantee of daily payment equivalent to the minimum wage; supply of personal protective equipment and free and safe transport; promotion of the health and safety of workers; guarantee of access to the workplace by union leaders.
After voluntarily adhering to the Commitment, companies are subject to an in situ verification mechanism of compliance with established practices, conducted by independent auditing companies accompanied by entities representing the workers. The seal aims to encourage the use of good practices by companies through recognizing their social responsibility.
In June 2012, the National Dialogue and Commitment Evaluation Commission (Comissão Nacional de Diálogo e Avaliação do Compromisso Nacional) awarded the good practice seal to 169 companies that had complied with all the business initiatives established under the National Commitment, whose validity has been extended to April 2013.
CONSUMERS RIGHT GAINS NEW SRUCTURE WITH THE NATIONAL CONSUMERS SECRETARIAT
Consumers Right has a new agency in the structure of the Brazilian government, with the status of national secretariat.
The National Consumer Secretariat (Secretaria Nacional do Consumidor - Senacon) coordinates the National Consumer Protection System (Sistema Nacional de Defesa do Consumidor - SNDC), formed by PROCONs, Public Defenders, Prosecutors, civil consumer protection entities and consumer precincts. It also leads the National Policy of consumer relations.
Senacon’s role include:
• improving the provision of services to citizens by supporting the states and municipalities in establishing PROCONs, and civil society in organizing consumer associations; • structuring policies on financial education for consumers in conjunction with other agencies;
• protecting personal data;
• monitoring the impact of new technologies on consumers lives;
• controlling product quality and safety by working together with partners to prevent consumption accidents and develop policies that encourage the improvement of product quality;
• assessing the impact of regulations on consumers e.g. cost reduction and quality improvement in regulated services like telephony, broadband, credit, air and land transport, and health insurance plans.
The 4th Edition of the Brazil MDG Award (Prêmio ODM Brasil) recognized 20 social organizations and municipalities with the best practices for achieving the Millennium Development Goals - MDGs. In this edition, 1,638 entries were received: 918 from organizations and 720 from municipalities.
Brazil MDG Awards is a pioneer initiative in the world and was established in 2004 with the purpose of encouraging actions, programs and projects that effectively contribute to meeting the Millennium Development Goals.