Advances in Early Childhood and Higher Education
Increased access to early childhood, vocational, technological and higher education
EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Terms of commitment for the construction of another 1,512 daycare centers and pre-schools in 27 states were signed in May, with investments worth R$ 1.9 billion. The initiative is part of the Caring Brazil action.
The construction of 3,019 day care centers and preschools has been approved since 2011, with investments worth R$ 3.4 billion. This represents over 50% of the target set for the second stage of the Growth Acceleration Program (Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento – PAC 2).
CONSTRUCTION AND ROOFING OF MORE SCHOOL SPORTS COURTS
The construction or roofing of another 1,298 school sports courts in 367 municipalities and 18 states was authorized in June. A total of R$ 394.6 million will be invested in the construction of 421 new courts and the roofing of another 877 courts in municipal and state schools.
The construction or roofing of 2,862 courts commissioned since the beginning of 2011 is currently under way, totaling more than R$ 1 billion in investment. Another 1,731 courts are expected to be built or roofed by the end of 2012.
MORE PROFESSIONALS IN THE FEDERAL EDUCATION NETWORK
The institutions of the federal education network have been authorized to fill 77,178 permanent positions, management positions, and commissioned posts to meet the staffing requirements resulting from the policy for the expansion and internalization of the federal networks of vocational, technological and higher education.
Among the jobs created are:
• 24,306 positions of primary, technical and technological education teachers;
• 19,569 positions of higher education professors;
• 1,608 management positions.
REGISTRATION FOR THE NATIONAL SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION (EXAME NACIONAL DO ENSINO MÉDIO - ENEM) HITS RECORD HIGH
In 2012, 5,790,989 students registered for the National Secondary Education Examination (Enem). As an evaluation instrument adopted by SISU, one of the criteria for access to the ProUni, Fies and Science without Borders (Ciência sem Fronteiras) programs and a mechanism for the certification of young and adult students in secondary education, the exam has been strengthened as a mechanism for access to higher education institutions, both public and private.
UNIFIED SELECTION SYSTEM (SISTEMA DE SELEÇÃO UNIFICADA - SISU)
For the selection process in the 1st half of 2012, 1,757,399 students registered in the Unified System Selection (SISU), which allows access to higher education based exclusively on the student’s grade in Enem. 108,560 places were available in 95 public institutions of higher education throughout the country. According to the system, each student can choose up to two courses and institutions.
For the second half of 2012, 642,878 students competed for the 30,548 places offered by SISU in 56 public institutions of higher education.
UNIVERSITY FOR ALL PROGRAM (PROGRAMA UNIVERSIDADE PARA TODOS - PROUNI)
In the second half of 2012, 90,311 ProUni scholarships will be provided as follows:
• 52,487 full scholarships for applicants with family income per capita up to 1.5 minimum wages.
• 37,824 partial scholarships for applicants with family income per capita up to three minimum wages.
STUDENT FINANCING FUND (FUNDO DE FINANCIAMENTO AO ESTUDANTE - FIES)
By June 2012, 210,936 contracts totaling R$ 1.7 billion had been signed with the Student Financing Fund (Fies).
Fies finances up to 100% of monthly undergraduate tuition fees at an interest rate of 3.4% p.a. and payback period of up to three times the length of the course plus 12 months. Both traditional guarantee and solidarity guarantee are accepted as security for the loan. Students with monthly family income per capita up to 1.5 minimum wages, students enrolled in undergraduate programs, and holders of partial scholarships under the University for All Program (ProUni) are not required to provide a guarantor. There are currently 1,536 private higher education institutions participating in the program.
SCIENCE WITHOUT BORDERS (CIÊNCIA SEM FRONTEIRAS)
A total of 14,900 scholarships have been granted to date under the Science without Borders Program (CsF). Of these, 6,700 students are already attending courses abroad.
Increased partnerships with countries and corporations:
Canada: will offer 12,000 places for Brazilian students in undergraduate, doctoral and post-doctoral programs during the program period.
South Korea: a large South Korean company will offer scholarship holders a training course in its research centers in the United States and European and Asian countries.
United Kingdom: a partnership with the British Council will enable 2,000 low income students to take English proficiency tests free of charge. The partnership ensures, in addition to free-of-charge proficiency tests, 4,000 preparatory textbooks and 40,000 leveling tests.
China: a partnership for scientific and educational exchange with the China Scholarship Council will benefit some 5,000 Brazilian students by 2015.
INCREASE IN PHYSICIANS TRAINING
Measures announced by the Ministries of Education and of Health to increase the number of physicians in the country include:
• increasing the number of places in federal institutions that already offer medicine courses and establishing new med schools in universities that currently do not offer the course. The supply of 355 new places in universities currently offering medicine courses and the creation of an additional 1,260 places in new courses have also been authorized. 30% of these 1,615 places are expected to be available as soon as 2013;
• encouraging state and private universities with good evaluation results to provide additional places. A total 800 additional places have been authorized, of which 50% are expected to be available in the second half of 2012;
• expanding opportunities for medical residency in the country by increasing the number of existing places and seeking partnerships with hospitals of excellence that have no connection with medicine schools.