Actions in response to natural disasters
R$ 2.7 billion actions to address drought in the semi-arid region
Since October 2011, rainfall in the semi-arid region of Brazil has been well below the average for the period, resulting in the phenomenon known as “green drought”.
With the drought, low levels of reservoirs, dams and wells reduce the supply and potability of water for human consumption and lead to losses in family agriculture and herds.
To mitigate the impacts of drought on the population and economy of the region, R$ 2.7 billion will be invested in emergency actions of programs to combat drought by 2012.
INTEGRATED COMMITTE FOR COMBATING DROUGHT (COMITÊ INTEGRADO DE COMBATE À SECA – CICS)
Established in May 2012, the Committee articulates, coordinates and monitors actions against drought promoted by the Federal Government jointly with states and municipalities.
The Committees are scheduled to operate for six months or according to local needs. It is headquartered in the capital of each state.
The work of the committees is coordinated by the National Center for Risk and Disaster Management (Centro Nacional de Gerenciamento de Riscos e Desastres - CENAD), of the Ministry of National Integration.
WATER TANK TRUCK OPERATION
Since May, 3,360 water tank trucks have been hired and are operating in 640 municipalities, to distribute drinking water to the population of locations battered by drought in the semi-arid regions of the Northeast.
Local needs are assessed and resized when necessary by the Committees, which also monitor the operation. The Brazilian Army is responsible for water distribution logistics and for coordinating water tank trucks.
Since June, water tank trucks have been assisted by GPS to improve the monitoring of distribution.
Established in April 2012, the Drought Grant will benefit families of farmers affected by drought and not included in the Harvest-Guarantee (Garantia-Safra) Program. The amount of the benefit is R$ 400 per family, paid in installments of at least R$ 80. Payment to the eligible families began in June 2012.
Transfers are made in accordance with the timetable and on the same card as the Family Grant benefit.
Criteria to receive the Drought Grant
• Residing in the municipality declared in a state emergency or public calamity recognized by the Federal Government between January 1st and October 31st, 2012.
• Being a family farmer with Declaration of Aptitude to Pronaf (DAP);
• Having an average monthly household income of up to two minimum wages;
• Being enrolled in the Federal Government’s Unified Registry for Social Programs;
• Not having joined the Harvest-Guarantee Program 2011/2012.
SPECIAL CREDIT LINE
R$ 1 billion have been provided by the Constitutional Fund for Financing the Northeast (FNE) for investment credit, working capital and funding of agricultural and livestock production to rural producers, traders, service providers, and agroindustrial and industrial companies affected by drought in the area of operation of the Superintendence of Development of the Northeast (Sudene).
The credit limit varies from R$ 12,000 to R$ 100,000, at interest rates of up to 3.5% per year.
Beneficiaries will be enterprises located in municipalities declared in a State of Emergency or Public Calamity recognized by the National Civil Defense as of December 1st, 2011.
There are three lines of credit, all with a grace period of three years:
• Water for All Program – R$ 799 million for the construction of cisterns, simplified water supply systems, wells and pits. 111,000 have already been constructed, totaling 200,000 by the end of the year.
• Over-the-Counter Sale Program – provision to family farmers of a subsidy of 10% of the minimum sale price of corn for animal feed.
• Advance payment of the Harvest-Guarantee – R$ 680 in five installments, starting from June/2012.
WATER INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS COMPLETED BETWEEN MARCH AND JUNE
• Pedro Alexandre Integrated Water Supply System (state of Bahia) - 77 km long;
• Seridó Pipeline System (state of Rio Grande do Norte) - 31 km long;
• Implementation of Drainage System in Baixada Campista (state of Rio de Janeiro), including macro drainage projects, dredging of channels Quitinguita and Coqueiros, channel construction, rehabilitation and modernization of sluice gates and dikes system.