Attention to Early Childhood
Overcoming extreme poverty and strengthening education and health actions
Launched in May, the Caring Brazil Action will benefit about two million families with children 0-6 years old who live in extreme poverty. R$ 10 billion will be invested by 2014.
Part of the Brazil without Poverty Plan, the Action is structured around three main areas:
• Overcoming of Extreme Poverty in families with 0-6 year old children;
• Increased Access to Day Care Centers, Preschool and improved assistance;
• Increased Access to Health Care.
OVERCOMING EXTREME POVERTY
The Family Grant Program has been expanded and will ensure extremely poor families with 0-6 year old children a monthly income above R$ 70 per person.
Benefit for Overcoming Extreme Poverty in Early Childhood (Benefício de Superação da Extrema Pobreza na Primeira Infância - BSP): each family will receive the amount necessary for their income to exceed R$ 70 per person. The first payment was made in June to 1.97 million families, benefiting 2.7 million children. With the benefit, the average Family Grant to families that fit this profile increased 55%, from R$ 152.75 in May to R$ 237.04 in June.
Immediate impact: 40% reduction in extreme poverty in all age groups and 62% reduction among children 0-6 years old. In the Northeast the reduction is as high as 73%.
ACCESS TO DAY CARE CENTER AND PRESCHOOL
Resources will be invested to increase the number of places and the amount transferred to fund public or accredited day care centers and preschools.
Children’s Education Units: selection process for the construction of an additional 1,512 day care centers and preschools. Of the 1,507 units selected in 2011, 98% have been commissioned. By 2014, 6,427 new day care centers or preschools will be in operation.
Funding: advance in up to 18 months the transfer of Fundeb resources to finance new school places.
50% increase in resources: for each child from the Family Grant Program enrolled, the day care center will receive R$ 1,362 per year, in addition to the current R$ 2,725. The institution will therefore be able to purchase materials and equipment, in addition to implementing minor remodeling/refurbishing projects.
Meals: 66% increase in the amount transferred for meals in day care centers and preschools.
ACCESS TO HEALTH CAR
Since June, three asthma medicines are being distributed free of charge through the Popular Drugstore (Aqui Tem Farmácia Popular) network, under the Health Has no Price Program. The number of beneficiaries increased 60% in the first 45 days of free distribution.
Asthma medicines used to be sold at a discount of up to 90% by the Popular Drugstore Program, which assisted approximately 200,000 patients a year. With the free distribution, a total of 800,000, of which 50% are children 0-11 years old, are expected to be assisted by the Program.
The action provides for the distribution of doses of Vitamin A and iron supplementation at the Basic Health Units (UBS).
Vitamin A: will be distributed to children aged between 6 months and 5 years old at UBS and during vaccination campaigns, primarily in areas with high concentration of extreme poverty.
Supplementation reduces the risk of infant/child deaths and mortality from diarrhea by 24% and 28% respectively.
Iron supplement: for children aged 6-24 months to prevent anemia in the first months of life, thus contributing to cognitive development and the reduction of infant mortality from nutritional anemia. In Brazil, 20% of children under 5 years of age have anemia. In children 0-2 years old the disease rate is as high as 60%.
Health at School
The Health at School (Saúde na Escola) Program, which aims to contribute to the full development of students through health promotion, disease prevention and health care will be extended to day care centers and preschools with at least 50% of children from the Family Grant Program.
The goal in 2012 is to reach all preschools in public schools that are already being assisted by the program. By 2014, the goal is to reach all day care centers and preschools in municipalities participating in the program.