Visit to Germany
Between 4 and 6 March, the Brazilian President visited Germany to participate in the opening of the International Fair of Information Technology, Telecommunications, Software and Services (Ce- BIT). On the occasion, the President met with the Federal Chancellor of Germany.
Brazil, which has the sixth largest consumer market in this segment worldwide, was the theme- -country of the 2012 edition of CeBIT, the largest international event of its kind. The visit translated into many business opportunities for Brazilian companies producing information and communication technologies. ,
Germany is a key partner in the Science without Borders (Ciência sem Fronteiras) Program. By 2014, more than 10,000 Brazilian students will be studying at German institutions.
Visit to India
Between March 30 and 31, the Brazilian President visited India, following Brazil’s participation in the 4th BRICS Summit. On the occasion, authorities of the two countries discussed the main topics on the bilateral agenda, particularly in the fields of science and technology, education, defense, culture, environment and social policies. Brazil and India are working together to build an institutional system that is more representative of the current global reality. The two countries maintain close coordination in the UN and WTO and are members of the IBSA (with South Africa) and BRICS groups (with China, Russia and South Africa).
Visit to the United States of America
Between April 9 and 10, the Brazilian President visited the Unites States to enhance the US-Brazil partnership and advance the bilateral dialogue underway since the visit of the US President to Brazil in March 2011. During the visit, a seminar was held, which brought together a significant representation of the business, academic and government communities of both countries. Cooperation in the fields of education and science and technology, which is the central axis of this partnership, led to meetings with the academic and scientific community of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University, where a meeting was held with Brazilian scholarship holders selected by the Science without Borders Program.
Brazil and the US have 24 bilateral mechanisms of dialogue, coordination and consultation in place at the ministerial level.
Visit of the President of Benin
On March 23, the President of the Republic of Benin paid an official visit to Brazil. On the occasion, the main topics on the bilateral agenda were discussed, with an emphasis on investment in the energy and infrastructure sectors. Benin holds the rotating presidency of the African Union and is a member of the “Cotton-4”, the technical cooperation project aimed at strengthening the cotton production chain through the sharing of technologies developed in Brazil. The two countries also cooperate in areas such as treatment of sickle cell anemia, vocational education and cooperativism, social inclusion through football, and management of tangible and intangible assets.
Visit of the President of Uruguay
The President of Uruguay paid a working visit to Brazil on April 19. Among the topics discussed were the priority sectors for bilateral cooperation such as physical and energy integration, science, technology and innovation, biotechnology, digital TV, as well as regional integration.
In recent years, Brazil has become the main trading partner of Uruguay.
Visit of the Prime Minister of Mozambique
The Prime Minister of Mozambique visited Brazil on May 13-18. Bilateral economic relations between the two countries have advanced, driven by the presence of Brazilian companies in Mozambique. Brazilian cooperation in Mozambique includes projects in the areas of health, education, agriculture, food security and energy.
Visit of the President of Tanzania
The President of the United Republic of Tanzania made a working visit to Brazil on April 15-20, accompanied by a large entourage. In addition to attending the Annual Meeting of the Open Government Partnership (OGP), held in Brasília on April 17-18, the President of Tanzania participated in meetings in Brasília, São Paulo and São José dos Campos. The main foci of the visit were agricultural cooperation, food security, and the promotion of investment in energy and infrastructure.
In Brasília, the President of Tanzania met with the Brazilian President on the sidelines of the OGP Conference, and visited Embrapa and the Center of Excellence against Hunger of the World Food Program. He also visited private sector entities in São Paulo and Embraer facilities in São José dos Campos.
Visit of the King of Spain
On June 4, Brazil received the visit of the King of Spain. Among the topics discussed were the strengthening of economic relations between the two countries and the importance of improving the treatment given to Brazilians visiting Spain.
The King was accompanied by a group of Spanish businessmen interested in expanding their activities in Brazil. Spain is the second largest foreign investor in Brazil, with a capital stock of more than US$ 85 billion. In 2011, bilateral trade amounted to US$ 7.97 billion, representing a 20% increase compared to 2010.
Visit of the Governor General of Canada
The Governor General of Canada visited Brasília on April 23, when granting of 12,000 places in Canadian universities for Brazilian students participating in the Science without Borders Program was announced. Authorities of the two countries also discussed the possibility of increasing secondary- level opportunities for young people in vocational and technical education.
The results of the Thousand Women Program (Programa Mulheres Mil), a partnership between Brazilian and Canadian Federal Institutes of Education, got positive evaluations. The program provides vocational training for women heads of household in age group 16-70 years, with low education level and in a situation of social vulnerability. Between 2008 and 2011, the Program benefited 10,000 students. In 2012, the goal is to reach a total of 20,000 women.
The Governor General was accompanied by 30 presidents of Canadian universities.
Side meetings held during Rio+20
During Rio+20, there was an intense agenda of bilateral meetings with Heads of State and Government attending the Conference in Rio de Janeiro. On June 20, the Brazilian President met with the Presidents of France, Peru, Senegal and Nigeria. On June 21 the agenda included meetings with the Prime Ministers of Turkey, Australia and China and the President of Uruguay. Also on June 21, the Brazilian President attended the UN Women Leaders’ Forum on Gender Equality and a dinner with 15 African Heads of State and Government. On June 22, hearings were held with the Prime Minister of Denmark and the Presidents of Congo, Cuba and Bulgaria.
Visit of the Prime Minister of China
The Prime Minister of China visited Brazil on June 21, on the sidelines of the Rio+20 Conference. On the occasion, the two governments announced that Sino-Brazilian relations were being raised to the level of a Global Strategic Partnership. This decision attests to the recognition of the growing strategic influence of the two countries in an international scenario marked by the emergence of a multipolar world.
In addition to the Ten-Year Cooperation Plan - structuring joint initiatives in science, technology and innovation - bilateral acts were signed in the economic and trade, financial, customs cooperation, agriculture, science and technology, cultural, and educational exchange areas among others. On the occasion, an agreement was also signed on currency swap between the two countries. Brazil and China can reciprocally access up to R$ 60 billion (US$ 30 billion or CNY 190 billion) pursuant criteria defined by their respective central banks.
Since 2009 China has been Brazil’s major trading partner and main source of flow of new investments into the country. In 2011 China accounted for 15.9% of global trade in Brazil (17.3% of exports and 14.5% of imports).
Brazil and Spain meet to discuss the migration issue
Delegations of Brazil and Spain met on June 4 in Madrid to discuss the establishment of mutual mechanisms to facilitate the entry of national visitors from both countries into each other’s territories.
Laws, rules and practices of both countries were reviewed, with a view to preparing the list of requirements for crossing borders. The list will be available on the websites of the embassies and consulates of both countries.