Integrated actions reduce crime and increase security
Border operations and prison system improvement continued
STRATEGIC BORDER PLAN
Operation Agate 3 (Operação Ágata 3)
Held in November 2011, the operation covered 6,000 kilometers along the Brazil-Bolivia-Peru border, between the states of Mato Grosso and Amazonas.
Operation Ágata 3 mobilized 6,768 Armed Forces’ men and women and 384 agents from other government agencies. A total of 58 aircrafts, including attack helicopters, Brazilian Air Force fighters and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) were deployed.
• 27 motorcycles, 10 light vehicles, eight vessels, five trucks/buses, 17.8 kg of cocaine and 34 guns seized.
• 5,089 pedestrians, 18,959 cars, 6,524 motorcycles, 2,441 trucks and 784 buses inspected, with 16 suspects arrested.
• 1,329 vessels searched, with 28 notifications and 8 apprehensions in 24,280 km.
• Social Actions: 8,973 social assistances; 9,034 health assistances; and 7,060 dental services.
Operation Sentinel (Operação Sentinela)
Since the beginning of the operation in June 2011, in the 11 border states, 648 firearms, 80,000 rounds of ammunition and 2,570 vehicles have been seized. Police operations have led to the arrest of 5,500 people.
A total of 140 tons of drugs (123 tons of marijuana and 17 tons of cocaine), 5.5 million packets of cigarettes, 584.700 medicines and 83,800 bottles of liquor, as well as R$2.9 million and US$527,000 in cash were seized.
Furthermore, 3.2 million people, 1.87 million vehicles, 4,800 vessels and 734 aircrafts were searched in a joint action with states and municipalities.
Integrated Border Management Offices
A total of US$58 million were provided to the 11 border states as part of the National Strategy for Public Security on the Borders (Estratégia Nacional de Segurança Pública nas Fronteiras - ENAFRON).
The goal of ENAFRON is to strengthen the cooperation between the state police, the Federal police, the Federal Highway Police, the National Force and the federal internal revenue service (Receita Federal), thus improving public security in 68 border municipalities considered to be more vulnerable.
The states will implement integrated intelligence centers and reequip specialized border units, integrated centers and units of the military, civil police and inspection, in addition to developing projects for security in waterways and investing in aircrafts (airplanes and helicopters).
The rules for the provision of an additional R$150 million to the states were published in March 2012. These funds will enhance security actions along the borders.
NATIONAL PRISON SYSTEM
National Program of Support for the Prison System
By April 2012, states should make the necessary adjustments to approve projects for construction and expansion of prisons in the prefabricated system and expansion in the conventional system. Projects have been submitted by 24 states.
About R$1.1 billion from the National Penitentiary Fund will be allocated for the construction and expansion of prisons, to be invested by 2013.
In 2011, 70 vans of the ambulance type and 103 “jail-type” vehicles were acquired through direct purchase or donation, with investments worth R$18.6 million. In addition, about R$2 million were invested to equip Primary Health Care Units and Reference Centers for Mother-Child Care in state prisons. Over R$500,000 will be invested in this last action in 2012.
STRATEGIC PLAN FOR EDUCATION IN THE PRISON SYSTEM (PLANO ESTRATÉGICO DE EDUCAÇÃO NO SISTEMA PRISIONAL - PEESP)
• The PEESP was established in November 2011 to expand and enhance the supply of education in prisons. More than 26,000 prisoners who claim to be illiterate should benefit from the plan.
• Its guidelines are social reintegration through education and the promotion of educational assistance to children who are in prisons due to the imprisonment of their mothers. It also includes youth and adult, vocational and higher education programs.
• The Plan will be implemented in partnership with states and the Federal District, through voluntary accession.
Social rehabilitation through work
A total of R$4 million to be transferred to the states in 2012 have been allocated for the implementation of permanent professional training workshops. Courses will be conducted in the areas of construction, bakery and pastry, and apparel manufacturing.
National Strategy for Alternative Sentences
The strategy was established in November 2011 to foster the adoption of alternatives for minor offenses other than prison.
By April 2012, states may submit proposals for the implementation of the Monitoring Centers of Alternative Sentences and Measures and Defense of Temporary Prisoners. A total of R$4.2 million will be invested in these two actions.
Renewed on December 27, 2011, the campaign collected 5,130 weapons between January and February 2012.
There are 1,949 collection points in Federal Police, Federal Highway Police, Civil and Military Police, Municipal Guard and Fire Department stations.
A total of 43,203 firearms have been collected since May 2011, of which 9,575 (22%) are large weapons: rifles, machine guns and shotguns.
NATIONAL PUBLIC SECURITY FORCE
Support for public security in the states
The National Force has 1,300 members, who are part of a contingent of at least 18,000 police officers (civil and military police), firefighters and inspectors from the states, who have received special training from the Ministry of Justice. It is currently active in 16 units of the federation, in different operations of support for state public security. On the express request of the governors, the force acted in police strikes in the states of Rondônia, Maranhão, Ceará and Bahia. A total of 1,070 professionals, seven vehicles and 110 patrol cars and seven ambulances were deployed. In those states, the force took over the command of fire brigades at the airports of the capital cities, acted in policing in general, police urgency calls, and engaged in life saving activities on the coast of Fortaleza.
In February 2012, the force assisted people affected by floods in Acre, to where 70 firefighters specialized in search and rescue operations were sent. More than 500 food baskets were delivered and 1,444 rescue operations carried out.
OPERATION RODOVIDA REDUCES ACCIDENTS AND DEATHS ON HIGHWAYS
Held between December 19 and February 27, the operation aimed to reduce traffic accidents through integrated actions between the Federal Highway Police, state police and transit agencies, focusing on combating drunk driving and monitoring motorcycles.
It covered 60 sections totaling 600 km of roads, all with state and municipal roads that converge towards federal highways and account for 22% of serious traffic accidents.
During Christmas and New Year’s holidays there was a reduction of 10% in the number of accidents, 16% in the number of injuries and 18% in the number of deaths against 2010.
In the six days of Operation Carnival, the Federal Highway Police reported the following results:
• 154,000 vehicles searched in 67,000 km of federal highways (more than a third were booked).
• 30,425 drivers searched, of which 1,410 failed to pass the breathalyzer and had their driver licenses suspended; and 494 people arrested on the spot.
• 12,911 drivers booked for dangerous driving.
• 703 kg of cocaine, 412 kg of marijuana and more than 3,000 rocks of crack.
• Reduction of 22% in accidents, 25% in injuries and 18% in deaths in relation to the Carnival period in 2011.