Rights and citizenship
Consolidating and expanding rights
Government’s dialogue with society is key to consolidating democracy more and more
NATIONAL CONFERENCES HELD IN 2011
Eight National Conferences, held in November and December 2011, were attended by some 16,000 people, including delegates, guests, and national and international observers. In preparation for these national events, 13,800 municipal and state level conferences were held between March and October in all states, apart from free conferences, consultations with specific groups, and virtual conferences.
3rd National Conference on Women’s Policies
Special mention should be made of resolutions issued to ensure and expand domestic workers’ rights; the creation and expansion of labor training and capacity-building programs for women; guaranteed 180-day maternity leave to all female workers; and the expanded construction and financing of day-care centers and preschools.
ENFORCEMENT OF THE MARIA DA PENHA LAW
A decision of the Supreme Federal Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal - STF) in Direct Action of Unconstitutionality 4,424 provided that assaulters are to be prosecuted even if the assaulted woman does not file a complaint or withdraws it after filing, while the Public Prosecutor’s Office is responsible for filing criminal charges against assaulters without requiring representation of the victim.
2nd National Conference on Youth discusses sustainable development
Discussion held during the conference were structured around five topics: the right to full development; the right to land; the right to experimentation and quality of life; the right to diversity and a safe life; and the right to participation and institutional strengthening.
Aging with Dignity was the motto of the 3rd National Conference on the Rights of the Elderly
Priorities for aging with quality of life, advances made in this regard and future challenges for the National Policy for the Elderly were defined during the conference.
In 2010, the population aged 60 or more in Brazil accounted for 10.8% of its total population. Over the next 30 years, elderly people are estimated to exceed 50 million people. They will account for 28% of the population and their average life expectancy will likely be 81.29 years.
2nd LGBT Conference proposes guidelines on citizenship rights and nondiscrimination
About 90 guidelines that will be incorporated into the National Plan for Promoting Citizenship and Human Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Persons (Plano Nacional de Promoção da Cidadania e Direitos Humanos de Lésbicas, Gays, Bissexuais, Travestis e Transexuais - PNLGBT) were discussed and approved. Public Security, Education, Health, and Human Rights stood out among the twenty issues addressed.
BUILDING JOINT SOLUTIONS
New Dialogue Tables were set up in 2011.
National Permanent Dialogue Table on the Improvement of Working Conditions in the Construction Industry
The aim of this Dialogue Table is to monitor and review the National Commitment to Improve Working Conditions in the Construction Industry, signed on March 1st, 2012 between the Federal Government and entities representing employers and workers in the construction industry. The Commitment contains guidelines for improving working conditions in the construction industry, with regard to recruitment and selection; professional training and qualification; health and safety; trade union representation in the workplace; working conditions; and community relations. The decree creating the Dialogue Table was signed on March 1st, 2012, simultaneously with the launch of the National Commitment.
Permanent Dialogue Table with Trade Unions
This Dialogue Table brings together representatives of the Federal Government and of the six trade unions that together have elected priority topics for discussion and agreement, such as the social security factor, pension increases and regulation of Convention 151 of the International Labor Organization. One of the highlights in 2011 was the negotiation of the rules to adjust the minimum wage.
Dialogue Table on Airports
This Dialogue Table, which started and ended in 2011, coordinated the dialogue on the concession of the airports of Brasília (DF), Guarulhos (SP) and Viracopos (SP), and resulted in the agreement to ensure INFRAERO employees who work in these airports employment security and benefits.
Dialogue Table on the Movement of People Affected by Dams
This Dialogue Table discusses the claims of the movement, which are gathered on a national agenda. Participants include representatives of 12 ministries and of state enterprises in the electricity sector. Regional guidelines were discussed in addition to national guidelines. Two working groups were established in 2011, with the aim to develop a policy to assist the populations affected by dams and to address specific situations related to the projects.
Dialogue Table on Urban Policy
The aim of this Dialogue Table is to discuss the unified agenda of the four national movements for housing (Popular Movements Center, National Confederation of Residents’ Associations, National Movement for Housing and National Union for Popular Housing) and establish a permanent dialogue channel between the Federal Government and social movements engaged on the issue.
Dialogue Table on the Brazilian energy model
This Dialogue Table addresses topics such as Pre- -Salt, social electricity tariff, generation concessions, solar energy and labor outsourcing in the sector. Priority topics defined in 2011 included the price of cooking gas for residential consumers and the high number of work-related accidents in the maintenance of transmission lines. For 2012, a seminar on the country’s energy model is being proposed, as a way to share successful experiences and broaden the debate on this topic.
INSTRUMENTS TO ADVANCE NEGOTIATIONS ON WORKING CONDITIONS FOR FEDERAL CIVIL SERVANTS
With the implementation of the Labor Relations System (Sistema de Relações de Trabalho - SISRT), the government moves forward in organizing the dialogue process to address conflicts and negotiate working conditions for federal civil servants. The initiative broadens and enhances negotiation as a way to harmonize the relationship between the government and civil servants at the Federal Direct Public Administration, Quasi-Governmental and Foundational levels. With the same goal, the people management area of the Ministry of Planning was restructured to incorporate new tasks and objectives and has changed its name to Secretariat for Labor Relations in the Public Service.
The implementation of SISRT is a key step to consolidate the ongoing process of negotiation of working conditions within the Federal Government. The initiative is also in line with Convention 151 of the International Labor Organization, which was ratified by the Brazilian Senate through Legislative Decree 206/2010.
INCENTIVE TO THE INCLUSION OF WASTE COLLECTORS
The granting of IPI (Tax on Industrialized Products) tax rebates until 2014 for companies that purchase solid waste from cooperatives with at least 20 collectors, to be used in their raw materials or products, was regulated in November 2011, thus increasing sales alternatives for collectors’ cooperatives, in addition to gains for the environment as a result of solid waste recycling.
THEMATIC SOCIAL FORUM 2012
The Thematic Social Forum 2012: Capitalist Crisis, Social and Environmental Justice, was held in Porto Alegre, from January 23-29. The event was a preparatory step to the Peoples’ Summit at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20). The agenda included activities proposed and managed by movements, collective groups and civil society organizations. The Forum also hosted a meeting of international networks, organized around thematic groups of reflection on sustainability, food security, green economy and human rights.
CAMPAIGN AGAINST SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS REACHES 19 CAPITALS
The annual campaign against sexual exploitation of children and adolescents was launched under the slogan “PROTECTION LEAGUE - Protect our children and adolescents. Sexual violence is a crime. Report it”. The goal is to establish a large network of care and assistance in 19 Brazilian capitals. The campaign emphasizes the dissemination of the Dial Human Rights service (Dial 100), which receives reports of violations of the rights of children and adolescents.
Throughout 2011, the Dial 100 service handled 866,088 cases and received 82,281 reports of violations of the rights of children and adolescents. All the reports were referred to the local competent authorities.
MORE ACCESS TO CULTURAL ASSETS
The Cultural Mills (Usinas Culturais) Program, which began to be implemented in 2011, invests in infrastructure and cultural programming in municipalities located in areas of high social vulnerability. The initiative will be developed in two phases. The first phase will involve the adjustment of spaces, the purchase of equipment, social mobilization actions and presentation of a work plan prepared by the municipality. The second phase will entail the “milling” of activities through the development of a work plan that includes partnership and social participation, training cultural agents, incentive to entrepreneurship and actions to promote the creation, dissemination and enjoyment of cultural goods and services. A total of 52 Cultural Mills were commissioned in 2011. By 2012, 199 of these cultural facilities will be established in 135 municipalities participating in the program.
UNIVERSAL BASIC POSTAL SERVICES
New steps were taken in November and December 2011 to ensure universal access to basic postal services. Six million people will benefit from the new targets set for 2015 regarding the implementation by the Brazilian Post of postal services in 1,500 locations (districts with at least 500 people) that did not have these services.
Mailing of the so-called Social Letter – items weighing up to 10 grams that can be mailed at the cost of one cent – will be the exclusive right of beneficiaries of the Family Grant Program, thus ensuring the preservation of its purpose: to facilitate the inclusion of people living in a situation of poverty.