PROUNI reaches the mark of one million scholarships filled
Process of democratization and decentralization of access to Higher and Technological Education moves forward
PROUNI – ONE MILLION SCHOLARSHIPS
With the selection process for the first half of 2012 held in January, the University for All Program (Programa Universidade para Todos – PROUNI), which grants full and partial scholarships to students graduating from public schools, surpassed the mark of one million scholarships.
The first selection process of 2012 reached the record high of 1.2 million applicants, thus showing the importance of PROUNI in increasing access to higher education.
About 1.3 thousand private higher education institutions, including universities and colleges, participate in the program in 1,354 municipalities in all federation units.
Holders of full scholarships can also count on the Permanence Grant (Bolsa Permanência), a financial allowance of R$360 to cover other education related expenditures.
SUBSIDISED CREDIT FROM FIES INCREASES ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION
The number of contracts under the Student Financing Fund (Fundo de Financiamento Estudantil - FIES) signed in 2011 was almost twice that of 2010. In 2012, 200,000 students are expected to benefit from the Fund.
By the end of February, 75,000 contracts had been signed.
The program finances up to 100% of the monthly tuition fees, at 3.4% interest per annum, with pay- -back starting one and a half years after course completion. The pay-back period is three times that of the duration of the course, plus one year.
Teachers may have their debt to FIES reduced by providing services at the public basic education system. Physicians will enjoy the same benefit provided they work in the Family Health Program teams in regions where there is a shortage of health professionals.
ASSISTANCE to STUDENT PREVENTS UNIVERSITY DROP-OUT
In 2011, the National Student Assistance Plan (Plano Nacional de Assistência Estudantil - PNAES) - which provides students with housing, health care, feeding, transport, digital inclusion, culture, sports, child care and learning support to university students, had about one million beneficiaries. To that end, R$401 million were transferred to universities – a 31.9% increase over 2010. Investments for 2012 are expected to total R$550 million.
INCREASED COVERAGE OF THE FEDERAL HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM
The number of places in undergraduate courses at federal universities increased from 218,200 to 235,600 between 2010 and 2011.
This increase is a result of the Program for the Restructuring and Expansion of Federal Universities (Programa de Apoio a Planos de Reestruturação e Expansão das Universidades Federais - REUNI), which encourages the supply of evening classes, flexible curricula and increased number of students per professor, among other. For 2012, according to the agreement with the universities, 243,500 places are expected to be offered in non- -distance undergraduate courses.
CHANCES TO ATTEND UNIVERSITY INCREASE WITH SISU
In the first half of 2012, 108,552 places were offered in 95 public institutions of higher education - a 30.58% increase over the second half of 2011.
Since 2010, the Unified Selection System (Sistema de Seleção Unificada - SISU) is the means by which participating public institutions of higher education select new students based solely on their grades in the National Secondary Education Examination (Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio – ENEM).
TECHNICAL EDUCATION CONTINUES TO GROW
The construction of an additional 10 units was completed in 2011, totaling 364 technical schools in the country. These new schools will translate into more than 2,350 students attending technical courses and 2,100 students in initial and continuing education.
(Technical Education and Employment Program) 53,000 people benefited form the Training-Grant in 2011.