Humanitarian cooperation is an important vector of international action for Brazil.
Besides contributing to the food security of populations of other countries, Brazil has increased the provision of humanitarian assistance to countries affected by disasters, epidemics, earthquakes, tsunamis and internal conflicts. Initiatives range from the donation of funds to the provision of professionals, medicines and food.
In 2011, Brazil ranked tenth among the countries that contribute to the World Food Program (WFP), the largest humanitarian agency of the United Nations.
The beneficiaries of the main actions of humanitarian aid in 2011, through donation of funds, were the following:
• Nicaragua and Honduras, after the Tropical Depression 12-E;
• United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees, for the reconstruction of Gaza;
• United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, in favor of refugees, IDPs and vulnerable people in Haiti, Rwanda and Kenya;
• World Food Program, for humanitarian cooperation to Cambodia;
• Red Cross, for assistance to victims of natural disasters in Thailand;
• United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), in support of humanitarian actions undertaken by the organization in Turkey;
• United Nations Development Program (UNDP), under the “National Plan for Prevention and Combat of Forest Fires”. Humanitarian assistance was provided through the Brazilian Embassy in La Paz;
• World Food Program, UN Population Fund and UNESCO, for aid to Haiti;
• United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS), to support demining efforts in Libya.
In January 2012, aid was also provided to transport volunteer firefighters of IBAMA’s National Center for Prevention and Combat of Forest Fires, who left on a mission to fight forest fires in south-central Chile.
NORMATIVE RESOLUTION NO.97 OF 12 JANUARY 2012, ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL IMMIGRATION COUNCIL
The resolution offers Haitian citizens the possibility to be issued a special permanent visa for a period of up to five years, without the need to demonstrate professional qualification or present an employment contract. The initiative aims to organize the growing flow of Haitian immigrants into Brazil, following the earthquake in Haiti in January 2010, mainly to avoid risks associated with the physical integrity and dignity of immigrants and the threat of exploitation by criminal networks.